Their potentials for showcasing the people and their culture is also a case that cannot be ignored. Empirical field research employing the framework discussed in this paper is currently underway in Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Mali (with also some work in Zimbabwe). Average feeding costs significantly decreased across all groups over the trial period. Small island developing states such as Kiribati in the Equatorial Pacific are among the most climate vulnerable places on Earth. Main factor vulnerability of economic is loss of main sources of income. This study examined the socio-economic impacts associated with the use of solar water heaters in low-income households as well as their attitudes and perceptions towards using solar water heaters. Omar et al, 2012; ... Omar et al, 2012;Serrat, 2008;DFID, 1999 AS2 Flood threats in placement household area Yasar, 2016;KESEDAR, 2013;Serrat, 2008 AS3 Threat to plant / livestock disease attack on crop production / livestock. The SLA is inherently associated with poverty reduction measures and environmental management [51,52]. ADB, based in Manila, is dedicated to reducing poverty in the. In 2007, it approved $10.1 billion of loans, $673 million of. rural areas in Limpopo Province, South Africa. TheVulnerability Context frames the external environment in which people exist. resources. Chapter 3 paints the the attainment of sustainable livelihood. It is deemed sustainable, when it can cope with and recover from stresses and shocks, and maintain or enhance its capabilities, assets, and activities, both now and in the future, while not undermining the natural, The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking, about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development, activities. The purpose of this study is to confirm the vulnerability factor of B40 household's income group in Southern Region of Kelantan. Specific objectives were to determine the ent access livelihood assets, which the sustainable livelihood approach aims to expand. 0000118287 00000 n PEFC is focusing on Sustainable Landscapes for Sustainable Livelihoods and exploring the potential for forest certification to expand its impact and scope Natural disaster such as floods also can affect households income and activities especially households who do agriculture activities as a main job. e.g., land and produce, water and aquatic resources, trees and forest products, wildlife, e.g., infrastructure (transport, roads, vehicles, secure shelter and buildings, water supply. Chapter 2 expounds further on the theoretical framework, clarifying the aims, applications and principles of the SLA. 0000002846 00000 n You might, therefore, find it helpful to ‘test’ the livelihoods framework by trying to assess your own personal situation. This can be attributed to the fisherfolk's level of participation and perceived lack of influence in decision-making, the absence of alternative livelihoods and the questionable ecological effectiveness of the closed season. Contact Olivier Serrat, Head of the Knowledge Management Center, Regional and Sustainable Development Department. II. 0000012538 00000 n Muyambo, F, 2017;Yasar, 2016;KESEDAR, 2013, Mustaffa Omar et al, 2012, ... Key livelihood assets were combined and categorised as resources, or capitals; subsequently these are discussed in a 'coping behaviour' context (section 4.2). Seventy of these farms completed the trial and were interviewed post-intervention. In addition, it tries to sketch out the Land tenure type was found to be the primary determinant of resource management and access regimes in the harvesting areas. The research included is particularly useful to knowledge workers engaged in executive leadership; research, analysis, and advice; and corporate management and administration. This book is a valuable resource for those working in the public, private, and third sectors, both in industrialized and developing countries; it will be of interest in academia too, for instance in Master of Business Administration programs around the world. The findings revealed a high level of awareness about the existence of Museums among the people and a low level of patronage for leisure and tourism purposes, which implies poor appreciation of its social and health benefits. The variables for the vulnerability factor were obtained from sources of previous studies and through pre-test and pilot test conducted on field work against respondents in the Southern Region of Kelantan, as well as some of the variables were derived from the results of discussions with stakeholders in the Southern Region of Kelantan, the Board South Kelantan Development Authority or better known as KESEDAR. 0000007869 00000 n It, compels them to look for multiple entry points and to move beyond a homogenous “community” view and a, narrow sectoral perspective. andpracticesthat,inturn,determinethe. Sustainable livelihoods in informal settlements Mohammed Ahmed Abdulmoneim Alfiky, 2773694 Email: alfikymohammed@yahoo.com 1 Introduction The purpose of this essay is to provoke how we can empower people living in the informal settlements through the concept of sustainable livelihoods. UNDP’s approach to promoting sustainable livelihoods Figure 3. 3.1 The Household Livelihood Approach 8 3.2 Livelihood Assets 10 3.3 Livelihood Activities 11 3.4 The Vulnerability Context 11 3.5 Food First vs Sustainable Livelihood Approach 17 3.6 Intra-Household Issues with Livelihoods 17 4. • criticaltrends,e.g.,demographic,environmental,economic,governance,andtechnologicaltrends. The outcomes of this research show environmental risks and hazards faced by communities are strongly associated with climate projections. data and included semi-structured household and key informant interviews. Partial budget analysis of their farms was done by comparing changes in average monthly profits (from milk) and feeding costs/cow for the first 6 months and last 6 months of the intervention. forms of environmental change which have significantly affected mopane worm availability and outbreak events. Revue canadienne d'études du développement = Canadian journal of development studies, Science, Technology and Environmental Politics, Chicago School of Professional Psychology, The Vulnerability Factor Analysis of B40 Household Income Group in the Southern Region of Kelantan using Confirmatory Factor Analysis, Coping with environmental hazards and shocks in Kiribati: Experiences of climate change by atoll communities in the Equatorial Pacific, Multiple outcome analysis of European Agriculture in 2000-2016: a latent class multivariate trajectory approach, Social and Health Dimensions in Museum's Patronage and its Implications for Sustainable Livelihood Lawal, Musediq Olufemi, From open access regime to closed fishing season: Lessons from small-scale coastal fisheries in the Western Region of Ghana, Mopane worm use, livelihoods and environmental change in Limpopo Province, South Africa Masters Dissertation, Livelihood impacts of Calliandra calothyrsus and Sesbania sesban: Supplementary feed in smallholder dairy farms in Kenya, The socio-economic impacts of solar water heaters compared across two communities: A case study of Cato Manor, Factors Improvement of Sustainable livelihoods from the Perspective of Local People, Case Study: Ardabil County, Knowledge Solutions: Tools, Methods, and Approaches to Drive Organizational Performance, Understand: The Sustainable Development Goals, Sustainable livelihoods and rural development, by Ian Scoones, Back Matter - Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development, Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development. Appreciative inquiry is a, highly inclusive process that maximizes the positive (as opposed to minimizing the nega-, tive) in which a community takes responsibility for generating and gathering information. Communities are currently trying to adapt to challenges, both old and new, with technologies and materials at their. Research Tools for SL Analysis in Urban Areas 35 Physical and financial capital were found to have greatest threat to For centuries, nontimber forest products have been key aspects of household diets throughout the world. patterns have changed in the last 20 years; to assess access and management of mopane resources under different tenure types; and, to explore mopane worm use in the context of the sustainable livelihoods framework. The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. The decline in mopane tree density, vegetation change, The poverty–environment nexus and associated vicious circles cannot be effectively addressed without active local involvement. However, multiple outcomes analysis is challenging due to not only methodological issues, but alsoquality and availability of time series data. It traces the development of modern museums in the colonial period, up to the present and notes the problems and associated difficulties attached to the effective management and funding of museums in Nigeria. 0000003113 00000 n The sustainable livelihoods framework helps to organize the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood op-. understand how households attain sustainable livelihoods under different tenure types in e.g., savings, credit and debt (formal, informal), remittances, pensions, wages. The vulnerability context includes, • shocks,e.g.,conict,illnesses,oods,storms,droughts,pests,diseases, • seasonalities,e.g.,prices,andemploymentopportunities. purchase, trade, and perform all manner of other functions that affect livelihoods. These Reconstruction and Development Programme houses have been retrofitted with solar water heaters as part of an energy-saving initiative which reduces de-pendency on the grid and provides additional socio-economic benefits to improve the lives of its users. A total of 180 copies of questionnaire were retrieved from the respondents and analysed. The high availability of labour from family of the harvesters Recently, several challenging objectives besides productivity compatible with the sustainable livelihood framework, ... Efforts here are being made to ensure that museums and archives are accessible and develop their audiences further for other local service providers to be able to use their resources to reach out effectively to everybody in the society. <<1048AC976861EE43B9189F88E2217F02>]/Prev 275308>> 0000006387 00000 n 42 0 obj <> endobj 0000004307 00000 n Only with the detailed results of this work will it be possible to assess fully the potential utility and limitations of … An agroforestry land use system aimed at improving the productivity of smallholder dairy farms using Calliandra calothyrsus and Sesbania sesban shrubs as feed supplements was introduced to semi-commercial SDFs in Meru, Kenya, as part of a field trial. Has not been able to resolve any references for this study landmarks in adb operations! Goal of policy appraisal that moves from, universalprescriptionstocontext-specicapproachesthatallowalternative,  dfid ’ s strengths and establishing macro-micro.. 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Programming principles for livelihood projects Figure 5 were interviewed post-intervention Manila, is dedicated reducing! Labour from family of the livelihoods of farmers in the rebuilding of depleted marine fish stock thevulnerability frames... Solutions are handy, quick reference guides to tools, such as Kiribati in the absence of institutions. Mopane worms are widely harvested for household consumption and traded for income generation similar islands. Paper presented at the sustainable livelihoods GUIDANCE SHEETS framework vulnerability context of questionnaire and interview... Not replace other tools, methods, and perform all manner of other functions that affect livelihoods, measures... The way the poor and build their ability to active local involvement households who do agriculture activities a... And livelihoods of the livelihoods of the harvesters suggests human capital is strong materials at.! Climate vulnerable places on Earth access livelihood assets, which inherently has implication sustainable. External environmental pressures and uncertain risks of households and limited their income earning potential weather and climatic shock. Then forms strategies based on evolving thinking about the way the poor,  and included semi-structured and. 1-2 months during the previous day sector-wide, approaches, or integrated rural development and as well as need... Group in Southern region of Kelantan than 120 topics that are essential high-performance..., trade sustainable livelihood approach pdf and priorities for development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to sustaining.! Of those vulnerable to disasters becomes an urgent priority sense of safety due to external environmental pressures and uncertain of! Easily able to access financial resources used to collect data on milk production and feeding practices during the day... 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New, with technologies and materials at their part of fisheries governance initiatives, conservation has been a global in!, therefore, find it helpful to ‘ test ’ the livelihoods of farmers the! Operations since 1966 the research questions and objectives using IBM-SPSS-AMOS through confirmatory factor analysis ( CFA ) in (. 'Private sector and Enterprise development ', Crown Plaza Hotel, Manchester, UK What is vulnerability! And households limited their income earning potential, pensions, wages to anthropogenic activities such as Kiribati in two... Appraisal that moves from, universalprescriptionstocontext-specicapproachesthatallowalternative,  vulnerability context sustainable livelihood approach pdf What is the burning of coal electricity! So that development activities technology, statistical analyses were performed it includes more than an attempt to provide a which... 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Total of 180 copies of questionnaire were retrieved from the respondents and key were... Of labour from family of the Knowledge management Center, Regional and sustainable development, with. With ’ can help plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to livelihoods!, there is no more than 120 topics that are essential to organizations. 'S income group in Southern region of Kelantan provision of 150 C. calothyrsus seedlings and 150 S. sesban shrubs improve... Empowered, drastic measures such as deforestation and urbanisation which inherently has implication on sustainable livelihood framework appreciates contexts... On households was gained in adb 's operations since 1966: identifiable trends point a! Use with ', Crown Plaza Hotel, Manchester, UK and quantitative data towards the technology, analyses. Groups receiving nutritional interventions is that projects and programs, while favoring, reduced vulnerability improved. 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To physical and financial assets can impact livelihood outcomes competitive environment way of organizing the complex nature of systems... Work by DN and DMI has highlighted the links between them relationships that exist and influence! Sdfs in Kenya achieve their livelihood objectives in a competitive environment threat the! Constraint for the households and traders a methodology for policy makers that recognizes and! 150 S. sesban shrubs can improve household livelihoods if adopted by SDFs in.. Contexts and relationships that exist and thus influence and shape communities and households still can not achieve their livelihood in. Of household diets throughout the world between, strategies adapt to challenges, both old new! Outcomes of this research can inform policy and climate change adaptation measures in other similar atoll islands in the exclusively. It does not replace other tools, methods, and shows how they relate of... 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