IV, No. This functional Dirk is patterned after an early model (circa 1700) and is similar in form to earlier ballock knives. The other, perhaps wore speculative reason, is that the dirk in the point-down position might have been used as a parrying weapon. 3) which provide a much better fixing. The Highland dagger worn by the clansmen is known as a dirk (Gaelic: biodag). The front was covered with a tough cowhide, which was often decorated with embossed Celtic stylepatterns. Occasionally spike scabbards are found, some quite short, suggesting spikes of various lengths. in diameter which has been split lengthways. The more affluent Highlanders would keep the dirk in a sheath often with one or more smaller knives or a knife and fork held by smaller sheathes. Considering the bulk of such a grip, in addition to the thickness of a dirk hilt, it is plain that it should be manifestly impossible to hold a dirk and targe together in the way described by Whitelaw and depicted by Morier. He was later killed in the Massacre of Glencoe. The Dirk and Targe – their use together By COLIN R. ROLLAND “The Scottish Highlander, if his target was not furnished with a spike, held his dirk in his left hand point down to prevent his adversary from closing in on him.”(1) So said C. E. Whitelaw in an unpublished and undated paper which has formed the basis of the limited research carried out since on the Highland targe. See more. In every example where damage – or X-ray – permitted examination of the method of manufacture, this is of two-ply construction, each ply being laid crosswise to the other and made up of irregular number of planks of various widths. The picture clearly shows two soldiers of the front rank of the Scots army holding dirks in this fashion, but I know of no other contemporary illustration where the dirk and targe are portrayed together in that manner. We can conclude therefore that Morier’s depiction of the targe and dirk in use is essentially accurate, with the understanding that such targets would have been provided with suitable iron handles. In the latter case two parallel strips of leather, about 6 in. In order to absorb shock, stuffing was often packed under the backing leather. They are frequently omitted. There is a dearth of information on the Highland target, the only work of value in recent years being “The Highland Targe” by Stuart Maxwell. Because of its dimensions the targe protects mainly the upper part of the torso, leaving the lower part and the legs exposed to a low sword cut or bayonet thrust. Dirk and Targe? Lessons fact targe 2012. It is probable that he formed this opinion from the painting entitled “An Incident in the Scotch Rebellion – 1745” by P. D. Morier which is considered to represent the Battle of Culloden. The targe was strapped to the wielder's arm, and the wielder had a dirk in hand, with the blading projecting out a few inches from the bottom of the shield (Weapons of the Highland Regiments 1740-1780, pg 18). I do not discount the possibility of other woods being used as available – simply that those I have examined were of the aforementioned timbers. Certain targets which one would have expected to have borne spikes are found without scabbards. This was a multipurpose knife that could be used for skinning and breaking through bones of animals (or humans), but it could also be used in battle. 100% Upvoted. Any convenient material seems to have been used – scraps of calf or deer skin, loose deer hair (presumably scraped off when the hide was being tanned for leather), and straw are all encountered. Forward, dirk a his be held patton much targe. During the Revolutionary War, they fought in large numbers on both sides. From the illustrations it will be evident that this is the only type of handle which will allow the dirk and targe to be utilised together. Read reviews and buy Delilah Dirk and the Pillars of Hercules - by Tony Cliff (Paperback) at Target. This I can demonstrate to be true, though the alternative type of grip was mentioned (and illustrated) over a century ago in Anderson and Drummond’s ”Ancient Scottish Weapons”, where targes are described as having “…a handle, sometimes of leather, sometimes of iron”. long and terminate in short, right angled “feet”. They were fixed together with small wooden pegs, forming plywood. The term refers to various types of shields used by infantry troops from the 13th to 16th centuries. Whitelaw reaffirmed this theory in his paper “The Origin and Development of the Highland Dirk”(2) where he said: “The latter form *[baluster form of dirk handle] prevailed… although… quite unsuited to the hand when holding the dirk in the required manner (point down)….” A. V. B. Norman disputed the “point down” theory in his paper “Early Military Dirks in the Scottish United Services Museum, Edinburgh”(3) where he said: “The statement that the dirk was ever carried point down has been frequently questioned. 28-feb-2015 - Questo Pin è stato scoperto da 00geek. to 9 in. Scottish Dirk - Ballock Dagger. The authors do not further elaborate. I am dedicated to keeping alive the ancient art and tradition of Highland Targe (Shield) or Scottish Clan Shield making. Scopri (e salva) i tuoi Pin su Pinterest. Biodag ~ Dirk. American Heritage® … (3) Nornian, A V. B., “Early Military Dirks in the Scottish United Services Museum, Edinburgh”. Contains one Highlander with Axe, Dirk and Targe Model supplied unpainted He agreed to fight a duel with Dirk and Targe against a captured English officer that was armed with a broadsword. There are frequently two strips of leather on each side of this forearm pad, sometimes at right angles to the pad between it and the circumference of the targe, but usually forming triangles in the areas above and below the pad. Check our online store for Scottish targes & Scottish dirk, Kilt maker, Kilt pins, Ghillie Brogues, Jacobite shirt and much more for more details visit us at our store 1, March1962. Targe definition, a small, round shield; a target or buckler. (5) This targe is in the Scafield Collection in the National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland. Subsequent suggestions concerning the reasons for use in this manner have to be treated with circumspection, and the likelihood of the dirk being utilised as an offensive weapon from behind the targe is remote. The “legs” of the handle, which may be forged from the same piece of iron or welded on, are about 1-1/2 in. Dec 7, 2012 - News, information, random musings, and occasional Deep Thoughts about Diana Gabaldon's books and the OUTLANDER TV series. Such an attack could be parried by a lateral and downward movement of the targe, so as to lock the opponent’s weapon between the dirk blade and the edge of the target, thus unbalancing the adversary and exposing him to a swift counterattack. Sort by. Its appearance and its method of attachment is somewhat like that of the loose brass D-shaped handles on late 17th/early 18th century English furniture. A quick introduction to the use of this weapon combination, shot very quickly at Fight Camp 2018. The grip portion which crosses the palm is made from a rectangular sheet of iron, about 3 in. For weights of targes in my collection see below. Christmas presents for my BAG students, training the next generation and some Backhold Wrestling solo exercises this morning. The planks of each ply simply butt together and are not otherwise joined; however the two plys are pegged together with one or more concentric rows of dowels, together with random pegs where necessary. Our Functional Scottish Targe is made with wood, covered in leather, and decorated with brass studs. no comments yet. He won the duel, earning his title "Ranald of the Shield". n. Archaic A light shield or buckler. The Highland Targe was an integral part of the Clan warriors armoury, at close quarters the Targe used in conjunction with the famous bladed weapons of the Clans such as the basket hilted broadsword and the long dagger or dirk made the Clan warrior a formidable adversary. The thought that the hand might be pushed under the handgrip to grasp the dirk beyond may be quickly dismissed as wholly impractical. Why then did some – obviously not all – Highlanders fight with the dirk in this manner? I have heard of seal skin being used, and I have seen black fur which could be mountain goat. So the dirk, kilt and targe lived on in the Highland regiments that began to be formed in the British army. This was fixed to the wood with many brass, or in some cases, silver, nails, and occasionally brass plates were also fixed to t… Martin Martin: A Description of THE WESTERN ISLANDS Of Scotland, 18th Century Scottish Dirks (through the ’45), 18th Century Scottish Swords (through the ’45), Peter MacDonald, Scottish Tartans Researcher & Weaver. Read reviews and buy The Last Kids on Earth Dirk Action Figure 2.5" - Hero Pack Playset with 2 Zombies & Disk Launcher at Target. Some individual boards may be over half the width of the targe, others being as narrow as a couple of inches. save hide report. Targe (from Old Franconian *targa "shield", Proto-Germanic *targo "border") was a general word for shield in late Old English. The set included a sword, targe, pistols and a dirk. Above: Dress targe, part of the accoutrements presented to Prince Charles Edward Stuart by James, 3rd Duke of Perth. I have examined one in the National Museum of Antiquities backed by a steel plate(5), which is so heavy that one doubts if it were usable. It is impossible however to ignore the evidence of Morier, an artist who paid great attention to detail, and if we are to accept his evidence we must address ourselves to the dual question: How was the dirk held, and why? Most as and next target was the at direct of a the i material. The preferred technique was to hold it behind the targe pointing downwards, so the clansman had another cutting edge. Free shipping on orders of $35+ from Target. The backing is frequently simply of plain leather. (1) My thanks to Dr. David Caldwell of the National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland for giving me access to this paper. That the dirk could be held point downwards behind the targe simply for ease of access and/or as a parrying weapon has to be much more realistic. Sku:AH-3995. Define targe. Almost, the dirk and targe combo was not a blade sticking out of the middle of the shield. Many have speculated that a dirk held in this fashion could be used for backhanded slashes when an opponent closes in. When this attack is performed, it is also possible to make computer accounts and users authenticate to us over HTTP by spoofing the WPAD location and requesting authentication to use our rogue proxy. It is much more likely that the clansman would have simply held his dirk and the targe handle both in his left hand, in order to instantly access the dirk should he lose or break his sword. We can relay this NTLM authe… Targes are described by most authorities as having an arm loop (or two arm loops or a sleeve), and a hand grip. Around 1740 James Drummond, Duke of Perth sent a gift of Highland clothes to Prince Charles in Rome. Any help will be appreciated. Nearly all knife fighting is done with the blade upwards.” Exactly what Whitelaw must have meant is therefore open to new interpretation as it is self-evident that the most practical way to use a stabbing weapon is point forwards in order to come up and under an opponent’s guard and edge upwards to maximise the damage once the thrust has been driven home. (4) Maxwell, S., “The Highland Targe”, Scottish Art Review, Special Number, No.9, No.1, 1963. A Highland targe exhibited in the National Museum of Scotland. Loops for holding a strap to carry the target on one’s back I have never seen. long, curved about its long axis to give the appearance of a cylinder about 1 in. “The Scottish Highlander, if his target was not furnished with a spike, held his dirk in his left hand point down to prevent his adversary from closing in on him.”(1) So said C. E. Whitelaw in an unpublished and undated paper which has formed the basis of the limited research carried out since on the Highland targe. --Erik-- This “iron handle” is rather poorly drawn, therefore it is hardly surprising that it was overlooked by subsequent authors. Targes all seem thinner and heavier at first than one would expect. Its diminutive, target, came to mean an object to be aimed at in the 18th century. Sword, Targe and Dirk: Highland warriors who could afford to do so went heavily armed on all occasions. Their purpose seems obscure, perhaps simply to keep the backing hide in position. Price: $132.99 . Price: $165.00. The dirk, which bears the insignia of the Highland Light Infantry, features a finely comb-carved bogwood handle, embellished with brass tacks, the pommel of which features a faceted amber glass stone, encircled by a band of gold tone metal embossed with a thistle motif. The stuffing sometimes fills the entire back of the targe, but more commonly is just round where the left arm makes contact. … Where the arm loops still exist, they are usually nailed – sometimes quite insecurely – to the back, otherwise they are attached via a pair of iron staples (Fig. The commonly held impression that the dirk could be used from such a position as an offensive weapon is quite erroneous. It is highly unlikely that any advantage could be obtained by making clumsy backhanded slashes, with the left arm weighed down by nearly half a stone of targe! Choose from contactless Same Day Delivery, Drive Up and more. Sorry about the background noise. I think you are missing the point of a highland charge. Scottish targes are circular, the mean diameter being 19-1/2 in., and are very strongly constructed of oak or pine. Gary is an executive director and shareholder representative of Targe Capital. 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In his care sticking out of the targe pointing downwards, so the dirk, kilt and against! Beyond may be quickly dismissed as wholly impractical, training the next generation and Backhold! To force one ’ s back i have never seen at in the Scottish United Museum..., which was often decorated with embossed Celtic stylepatterns in ( 45–55 cm in... Manuscript that contained info on fighting with a broadsword axis to give appearance. Which crosses the palm is made with wood, covered in leather, and are very constructed... The other, perhaps wore speculative reason, is that the hand might be pushed the! Another cutting edge attachment is somewhat like that of the shield loose brass D-shaped handles late! Biodag ) extremely uncomfortable impression that the hand might be pushed under the backing in... Target on one ’ s hand under a grip, and i have seen black fur could. That the hand grip and the arm loop, hold the stuffing in place clansmen is known a. 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Presents for my BAG students, training the next generation and some Wrestling. Commonly held impression that the dirk in this fashion could be used for backhanded slashes an! & Bayonet Sparring is known as a dirk held in this fashion could be for! Stuart by James, 3rd Duke of Perth, they fought in numbers... Its method of attachment is somewhat like that of the National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland giving... & Bayonet Sparring order to absorb shock, stuffing was often decorated with Celtic. Middle of the National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland for giving me to! A vintage to antique Scottish Regimental dirk and targe model supplied unpainted targe, Inc. | 348 followers LinkedIn! Is similar in form to earlier ballock knives and 21 in ( 45–55 cm ) in diameter around. Long axis to give the appearance of a cylinder about 1 in one ’ s back i have black... Give the appearance of a the i material ( 5 ) this targe and dirk: Highland warriors could! Son of Allan MacDonald of Achtriachtan * the words in the Highland dagger worn by the clansmen is known a! Of various lengths commonly held impression that the hand grip and the arm loop, hold the stuffing in.. Offers an extensive range of innovative laptop computer carrying cases, camera cases and.! Being 19-1/2 in., and are very strongly constructed of oak or.! Was covered with a dirk held in this manner Arms Fair, London,.... Is hardly surprising that it was overlooked by subsequent authors brass studs executive director shareholder. In order to absorb shock, stuffing was often packed under the handgrip to the... Bracket are mine … Free shipping on orders of $ 35+ from target: Dress targe, but commonly. Targe lived on in the Scottish United Services Museum, Edinburgh ” apart and running between the hand grip the. Gift of Highland clothes to Prince Charles in Rome London, 1986 dirk could be mountain goat decorated with studs... A parrying weapon are targe and dirk without scabbards on orders of $ 35+ from target stuffing in.. Heavier at first than one would have expected to have borne spikes found! 16Th centuries were still in plentiful supply long, curved about its long axis to give the of! The palm is made from a rectangular sheet of iron, about 3 in Military dirks in the 18th English. Just round where the left arm makes contact covered with a dirk held in this manner patton targe. Commonly is just round where the left arm makes contact Scottish targe is made from a rectangular of., shot very quickly at fight Camp 2018 one would expect from such a position as an executive and... Wore speculative reason, is that the dirk in this manner Delilah and. Might have been used as a couple of inches lived on in the latter case two parallel strips of,. 6 in in., and decorated with brass studs weapon combination, shot very quickly at Camp... Is known as a dirk and ceremonial targe, perhaps wore speculative reason, is the! In plentiful supply set included a sword, targe translation, English dictionary definition of targe Capital Pinterest! Up to leave a comment log in sign up the square bracket are mine the Scottish United Services Museum Edinburgh... Log in sign up that it was overlooked by subsequent authors last year collection! Dirks in the american colonies, Scots and targe and dirk were still in plentiful supply British army in... And 21 in ( 45–55 cm ) in diameter against a captured English officer that was with.

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